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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 5 June 2024

Why is there a fresh row on Mullaperiyar?

The Story So Far

  • Meeting Cancellation: The Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF) canceled its May 28 meeting, which was set to consider Kerala’s request for a new Terms of Reference (ToR) for conducting an Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) for a new dam at Mullaperiyar in Idukki district.
  • Purpose of the Meeting: The meeting was called to assess the potential environmental impacts of constructing a new dam, as Kerala sought to acquire a new ToR for this purpose.
Why is there a fresh row on Mullaperiyar? | Explained - The Hindu

Why the Meeting Was Called

  • Dispute Between States: Any developments related to the masonry gravity dam at Mullaperiyar, which is owned and operated by Tamil Nadu, are fiercely contested by both States at various legal and governmental levels.
  • Kerala’s Request: Kerala’s latest request for a new ToR to facilitate the EIA for a new dam sparked a strong response from Tamil Nadu.

What is Tamil Nadu’s Objection?

  • Dependency on Dam Water: Tamil Nadu’s primary objection stems from the fact that it relies on the water released from the Mullaperiyar dam to irrigate its arid Theni, Madurai, Sivaganga, and Ramanathapuram districts.
  • Violation of Supreme Court Order: Tamil Nadu argued that considering Kerala’s proposal for a new Terms of Reference (ToR) for the EIA would violate an earlier Supreme Court order from 2018, which specified that any such studies required the Court’s permission.

Why Does Kerala Want New Terms of Reference?

  • Detailed Project Report (DPR): Kerala requires extensive data to prepare a Detailed Project Report (DPR) for constructing a new dam and to engage Tamil Nadu in discussions regarding the new dam.
  • Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA): An EIA is required because the proposed dam site is located in the Periyar Tiger Reserve, a designated Protected Area that mandates environmental clearances.
  • Clearance from National Board for Wildlife (NBWL): Since the Periyar Tiger Reserve is both a tiger and elephant reserve, clearance from the NBWL is necessary.
  • Forest Land Permission: Given that the proposed dam construction involves non-forestry activities and tree felling, permission from the Union Ministry and the Supreme Court is required.

Is There a Scope for Consensus?

  • Long-standing Legal Battle: Kerala and Tamil Nadu have been engaged in a long-standing legal battle since 1996.
  • First Phase: The initial phase of the legal contentions between the two States focused on the safety concerns of the existing Mullaperiyar dam.
  • Second Phase: The subsequent phase in 1998 saw both States filing several Public Interest Litigations and writ petitions, challenging various actions taken by each other’s governments.
  • Potential for Future Legal Battles: Given the recent actions of the Kerala government, further legal disputes could emerge before the Supreme Court.

The message from the Andhra Pradesh bifurcation

Scant Nostalgia – Telangana

  • Disappearing Vitriol: The intense political discourse regarding the bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana has largely faded.
  • Hyderabad in Focus: For the people in the shrinking Andhra Pradesh region, only Hyderabad remains in their memory of the new Telangana state.
  • Historical Unity: The two regions were unified under one political authority for about 150 years until the division in 1956.
  • Separate Journeys: Despite years of shared political rule, the formation of distinct states did not foster enough unity to prevent their separate paths.

Where States Stand

  • Impact of Bifurcation: The division of Andhra Pradesh provides insight into how reconfiguring state boundaries can affect political influence.
  • Shift in Political Order: Andhra Pradesh’s representation in the Lok Sabha has decreased from 42 seats to 25, making it smaller than both Tamil Nadu and Karnataka in terms of parliamentary seats.
  • New Political Rankings: Telangana, with 17 Lok Sabha seats, is now smaller than Kerala, making it fifth in the political order among southern states.
  • Unequal Political Equations: When smaller states exist alongside larger ones, the political landscape can become imbalanced, possibly causing strain on the federal system.

The Cracks Will Surface

  • Political Delays: Grievances on both sides of the division may take time to surface, but they are bound to manifest eventually.
  • Andhra Pradesh’s Capital Attempt: Andhra Pradesh’s bid to build a world-class capital was hindered by an emphasis on direct benefit transfer (DBT) welfare programs, which consumed a significant amount of time.
  • Unfulfilled Promises: Issues such as unmet commitments on special category status and financial aid for capital city construction, alongside improper asset division, will not remain overlooked by political leaders.
  • Historical Reorganization Insight: The linguistic reorganization of India required careful thought and extensive debate before being implemented, underscoring the need for a thoughtful examination of the Andhra Pradesh bifurcation and its aftermath.
  • Mature Examination Needed: A deeper, more thoughtful analysis is essential to establish a stable foundation for the nation’s Republic in light of the ongoing issues.

Nipped in the bud

Criminal Activity – Baby Smuggling

  • Socio-Economic Factors: Criminal activities like baby smuggling often arise from a mix of socio-economic elements, such as poverty and wealth, alongside unmet needs or desires.
  • Recent Racketeering Incident: The recent baby smuggling racket in Telangana, involving 11 arrests, is a case in point.
  • Inter-State Gang: The gang was involved in smuggling children from Delhi and Pune, selling them to prospective parents in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Financial Gain: The cost for a baby ranged from ₹1.80 lakh to ₹5.50 lakh, with brokers earning between ₹50,000 and ₹1 lakh in commission.

Insight into the Case

  • Poverty of Biological Parents: Some cases involve impoverished biological parents selling their newborns.
  • Smuggling from Government Hospitals: Another factor is smuggling from government hospitals where security is weak.
  • Eager Couples: On the flip side, there are couples eager to have children who are frustrated by the lengthy legal adoption process, which can take two to four years.
  • Government Action Required: The government should implement effective poverty alleviation schemes, raise awareness about adoption options, create youth employment opportunities, eliminate unnecessary bureaucratic hurdles in adoption, and strengthen policing to curb such activities.

Fewer women are being hired for leadership positions

News Context

  • Representation in Workforce: While there has been an increase in women’s representation in the workforce over the years, LinkedIn’s Economic Graph data indicates a stagnation since 2022, and a decline in 2024.
  • Senior and Leadership Roles: Progress in promoting women to senior and leadership positions has slowed in recent years.
  • Industries with Low Representation: Women hold fewer positions in manufacturing, construction, and oil and gas industries.

Fewer women are being hired for leadership positions - Civilsdaily

Women in Workforce

  • Workforce Participation: The representation of women in the overall workforce grew from 23.9% in 2016 to 27.3% in 2022, and then decreased slightly to 26.8% in 2024.
  • Senior Leadership Positions: The highest percentage of women in senior leadership roles was in the education sector (30%). However, this representation in other sectors remains limited.
  • Compliance Issues: Reports suggest that the Companies Act, 2013, which requires women directors on company boards, is not being strictly enforced.

Does inequality lead to growth?

Does inequality lead to growth? | Explained - The Hindu

News Context

  • Statements and Rebuttals: Rahul Gandhi’s focus on issues of redistribution and Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s polarized response have brought discussions on inequality to the forefront.
  • Inequality Findings: Researchers from the Paris School of Economics have determined that inequality in modern India surpasses that during the colonial era.
  • Positive Aspects of Inequality: Some level of inequality can be beneficial as it motivates entrepreneurs to start businesses, thereby creating jobs and improving the welfare of others.

Monopoly Power and Consumption

  • Billionaires and Market Dominance: Business groups led by billionaires often have significant monopoly power in their respective markets, allowing them to set prices rather than letting market forces determine them.
  • Markup and Monopoly Effects: These businesses can charge higher mark-ups above production costs due to their monopoly power, leading to lower real wages in terms of purchasing power.
  • Impact of Monopolies: This monopoly influence can result in lower real wages, as well as decreased levels of output and investment, contributing to the current cost-of-living crises experienced in developed economies.

Inequality and Growth

  • Investment and Wages: Before creating new capital stock, wages are paid to workers who contribute to building it. These wages then flow into the economy, stimulating the income of goods-sellers and triggering a wider cycle of economic activity.
  • Multiplier Effect: The increased income from workers and goods-sellers leads to a greater overall income than the initial investment. This is known as the ‘multiplier effect,’ where investment raises incomes by a greater proportion than the original investment.
  • Consumption Proportion: The multiplier effect depends on the proportion of consumption from incomes, which ensures sustained economic activity.

Redistribution and Growth

  • Taxation and Investment: According to Michal Kalecki, taxing wealth does not necessarily deter investment. As long as businesses have high expectations of future profits, they will continue to invest despite taxes on wealth.
  • Impact on Investment: While some business owners may hesitate due to potential wealth conversion challenges, a healthy economy can continue to encourage investment.
  • Benefits of Redistribution: Redistribution can strengthen the multiplier process, promoting growth even if some billionaires limit their investments. It’s not a universal solution, but when used alongside other policy measures, curbing inequality can contribute to a more robust and healthier economy.

Can domestic MFs invest in their overseas counterparts?

MF Overseas Investment Cap: Mutual funds unlikely to get a raise in overseas  investment cap - The Economic Times

News Context

  • SEBI Proposal: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has released a consultation paper suggesting a framework that would allow domestic Mutual Funds (MFs) to invest in their overseas counterparts, or Unit Trusts (UTs) that invest a portion of their assets in Indian securities.

Framework’s Purpose

  • Indian Securities Attraction: SEBI’s proposal acknowledges India’s robust economic growth and the appeal of Indian securities for foreign investors. This has led various international entities, including indices like MSCI Emerging Markets Index, ETFs, MFs, and UTs, to allocate assets toward Indian securities.
  • Investment Ambiguity: There’s a lack of clarity regarding investments that have exposure to Indian securities, creating uncertainty and discouraging domestic MFs from participating in such instruments.
  • Potential Investment Allowance: SEBI’s review suggests that permitting investments with limited exposure to Indian securities could benefit domestic MFs, facilitating a broader range of investment opportunities.

What Proposals Has SEBI Tabled?

  • Investment Cap: SEBI proposes a cap of 20% on investments made by overseas instruments (in India), ensuring a balanced approach to facilitating investments while avoiding excessive exposure.
  • Manager Autonomy: SEBI emphasizes that investments should be made autonomously by the manager, without influence from investors or undisclosed parties.
  • Transparency in Disclosures: Public disclosure of the portfolios of overseas Mutual Funds (MFs) and Unit Trusts (UTs) is sought to maintain transparency.
  • Conflict of Interest Prevention: SEBI advises against any advisory agreement between Indian mutual funds and overseas MFs/UTs to prevent potential conflicts of interest.

In fight against Nipah, scientists find new way to generate virus-like particles in lab

New Method To Generate Virus-Like Particles - PWOnlyIAS

News Context

  • Scientific Breakthrough: Researchers at the Institute of Advanced Virology (IAV) have pioneered a new method to produce non-infectious Nipah virus-like particles (VLPs) in laboratory settings.
  • Enhanced Safety: This innovative approach provides a safe and effective platform within a biosafety level-2 (BSL-2) laboratory environment for developing neutralising antibodies against the NiV.
  • IAV’s Mission: The achievement brings the IAV closer to its goal of developing monoclonal antibodies and antivirals against Nipah virus and similar pathogens.

Nipah Virus

  • Highly Pathogenic Virus: Nipah virus is a zoonotic paramyxovirus known for its high pathogenicity, causing fatalities in up to 80% of human cases.
  • Research Challenges: Previous studies on Nipah virus have been constrained due to the stringent biosafety measures required for handling this BSL-4 pathogen.
  • Importance of Neutralisation Assays: Virus neutralisation assays are crucial for developing and evaluating vaccines, immunotherapies, and conducting fundamental research on the virus.
  • Shift to BSL-2 Labs: Traditionally conducted in high-security laboratories due to the infectious nature of the virus, these assays can now be safely performed in BSL-2 laboratories across the country.

More Sophisticated

  • Non-Infectious VLPs: Virus-like particles (VLPs) resemble viruses in structure but are non-infectious. They serve as valuable tools for analyzing viral binding and entry kinetics.
  • Advanced Technologies: The introduction of NanoBiT technology and “HiBiT-tagged” VLPs (featuring a highly sensitive 11-amino acid peptide) enhances the sophistication of these platforms.
  • Accelerated Potential: The inclusion of the HiBiT tag accelerates their role in antiviral drug screening and vaccine development.
  • Need for Further Studies: Comprehensive research using various neutralising antibodies and antivirals to determine their effectiveness in blocking the virus entry is essential.

Tonga volcano could cause unusual weather for rest of decade: study

Tonga's volcanic eruption could cause unusual weather for the rest of the  decade, new study shows

Tonga Volcano

  • January 15, 2022 Eruption: The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai (Hunga Tonga) eruption in the Pacific Kingdom of Tonga created a tsunami and sent sound waves around the globe.
  • Climate Impacts: A new study investigates the eruption’s effects on winter weather, suggesting potential long-term impacts on our climate.

A Cooling Smoke Cloud

  • Sulphur Dioxide and Aerosols: Typically, volcanic smoke and sulphur dioxide lead to a temporary cooling effect on the Earth’s surface. Sulphate aerosols create a shading effect until they settle out or are washed out.
  • Water Vapour Instead of Smoke: In the case of Hunga Tonga, the underwater eruption produced minimal smoke and a large amount of water vapour. The intense heat from the eruption turned a significant amount of seawater into steam, sending it into the stratosphere.
  • Stratospheric Water Vapour: The water vapour, not clouds or rain, ended up in the stratosphere, causing unusual conditions and potentially influencing weather patterns.

Research Findings

  • Ozone Hole: The large ozone hole observed from August to December 2023 was partially influenced by the Hunga Tonga eruption. Simulations had anticipated this effect nearly two years in advance.
  • Water Vapour’s Role: The water vapour generated by the eruption had just enough time to reach the polar stratosphere over Antarctica, leading to the enlargement of the ozone hole. Once the water vapour dissipated, the ozone hole began to close.
  • Southern Annular Mode: The positive phase of the Southern Annular Mode during the summer of 2024 was associated with the extended presence of the ozone hole.
  • Impact on Global Temperatures: Despite the ozone hole’s extended presence, the overall impact of Hunga Tonga on global temperatures, as a measure of climate change, remains minimal.
  • Misattributing Temperature Trends: The extremely high temperatures observed in recent times cannot be attributed to the Hunga Tonga eruption.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 4 April 2024

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), Chip 4 Initiative, objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. GANHRI’s supreme deliberative body is the General Assembly.
2. The Bureau, the GANHRI executive committee, is comprised of 16 members, with 4 from each of GANHRI’s regional networks of Africa, Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Regarding the accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1.  NHRC’s lack of diversity was addressed through an amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act in 2019.
2. ANHRI is responsible for reviewing and accrediting National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) in compliance with the Paris Principles every three years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The Chip 4 Initiative aims to increase chip exports to China.
2. It is also known as the “Fab 4” initiative and includes the U.S., Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:

  1. One of the objectives is to support industry efforts to concentrate their manufacturing base in China.
  2. The initiative aims to develop policies related to the export of the most advanced semiconductors and equipment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1.The initiative includes the world’s top semiconductor-producing countries.
2.”Fab” in the “Fab 4” initiative refers to the fabrication plants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 0%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 3 APRIL 2024

Factor cost of a good, MedTech Mitra portal, tigers in India, Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS)

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements:
1. In renewable energy storage installations, India ranks as the fifth-largest country globally.
2. Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) operate on the principle of transmitting electricity directly across extended distances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2.Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary is located at

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements about tigers in India:
1.With a minimum count of 3,167 tigers, India hosts over 70% of the worldwide wild tiger population.
2.In the present year, nine tiger reserves obtained CA|TS accreditation.
3.India’s wild tiger population is experiencing a strong annual growth rate of 16%.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements about MedTech Mitra portal
1.The online portal is designed to support medtech innovators by providing assistance in clinical evaluation, regulatory facilitation, and the adoption of new products.
2.A collaborative effort between the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Ayush, the portal operates under the guidance of NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission.

Choose the correct statements:

5 / 5

Q.5. The Factor cost of a good include(s) which of the following?
1. Payments for raw materials.
2. Wages to labour for production.
3. Taxes.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Your score is

The average score is 33%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 2 APRIL 2024

Human Poverty Index, Migrants, Human Development Report (HDR), population growth in India, factors influence the location of Urban Settlements

1 / 5

Q. 1. While calculating the Human Poverty Index, Which of the following parameters is/are taken into account?
1. The probability of not surviving till the age of 40
2. Adult literacy rate
3. Number of small children who are underweight

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements:
1. A migrant is both an immigrant and an emigrant at the same time.
2. Migrants who move into a new place are called emigrants while migrants who move out of a place are called immigrants.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements:
1. Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual report published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
2. Human Development Report Office releases the Gender Inequality Index.
3. The first HDR was launched in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.

How many of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. With respect to population growth in India , consider the following statements:
1. Phase 1 (1901-1920) is characterized as a stagnant or stationary phase
2. In the period of steady population growth, the crude birth rate remained high.
3. Increased international migration, involving Tibetans, Bangladeshis, Nepalese, and individuals from Pakistan, played a role in the elevated growth rate in phase 3 of population growth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

5 / 5

Q.5. Which of the following factors influence the location of Urban Settlements?
1. Proximity to trade routes
2. Natural Defence
3. Raw material and local energy supplies
4. Valuable minerals

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Your score is

The average score is 30%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 1 April 2024

1 / 5

Q.1. What is the significance behind commemorating March 14 as the International Day of Mathematics?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements
1. Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) function as substances that contribute to ozone depletion (ODS) and act as potent greenhouse gases simultaneously.
2. The Kigali Amendment, an extension of the Montreal Protocol, targets an 80% reduction in the consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by the year 2047.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following best describes a ballistic missile?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements regarding the Islamic Reform Movements during 19th century in British India:
1.The Ahmadiya movement embraced a progressive perspective, advocating against practices such as polygamy, the veiling of women, and traditional divorce rules.
2.The Deoband Movement sought to disseminate the unadulterated teachings of the Quran and Hadith among Muslims.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements with reference to Ebola:
1. The disease is attributed to viruses primarily located in sub-Saharan Africa.
2. At present, there exists no recognized treatment for this ailment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 60%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 30 MARCH 2024

Ninth Schedule, Coalition Governments, lawsuits by or against the government, responsibilities and obligations of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) in India, International Customary Law

1 / 5

Q.1. The Ninth Schedule was incorporated into the Indian Constitution while the Prime Minister in office was.

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements with reference to the Coalition Governments:
1. The Janta Party established the inaugural coalition government at the national level in India in 1977.
2. For a group to be designated as a coalition, it necessitates the participation of a minimum of three political parties.
3. A coalition government consistently operates in accordance with a shared minimal agenda or program.
Which of the above-given statements is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the lawsuits by or against the government, consider the following statements:
1. When initiating legal proceedings against the central government, it is appropriate to use the term ‘Government of India’ as the reference.
2. An entity has the option to institute a legal action against the government for violating contractual obligations.
3. In India, the government can face legal action for civil misconduct committed by its officials in the course of carrying out non-sovereign duties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. What are the responsibilities and obligations of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) in India?
1. He guarantees the setup of election facilities and conducts demonstrations of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in each district.
2. He assesses the state’s law and order conditions during the electoral process.
3. He assigns symbols to candidates participating in the elections.
4. He examines the nomination forms submitted by candidates running for office.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to ‘International Customary Law’, consider the following statements:
1.International Customary Law is established based on widely accepted practices that function as legal norms in different nations.
2.These regulations lack the force of binding legal rules since they are not underpinned by international agreements or treaties.
3.The Indian judicial and legal system does not acknowledge the legitimacy of this legal framework.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 13%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 29 MARCH 2024

Cholederm, aspartame, tobacco cultivation

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to tobacco cultivation, consider the following statements:

1.Nicotiana tabacum and N. rustica are the two varieties commonly cultivated for producing commercial tobacco.
2. N. rustica is widely cultivated in most countries of the world, while N. tabacum is restricted to India, Russia, and a few other Asiatic countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Concerning the top producers of tobacco in India, consider the following statements:
1.Gujarat has the highest production and productivity of tobacco in India.
2.Andhra Pradesh follows Gujarat in tobacco production in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to aspartame, consider the following statements:

1.The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) categorizes aspartame as “possibly carcinogenic” to humans.
2.Aspartame is about 200 times sweeter than table sugar.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the chemical composition of aspartame, consider the following statements:
1.Aspartame consists of three amino acids – L-aspartic acid, L-phenylalanine, and L-methionine.
2.Aspartic acid is produced naturally by your body, and phenylalanine is an essential
amino acid that is intaken from food.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. What is Cholederm?

Your score is

The average score is 40%

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DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 28 MARCH 2024

Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), Chip 4 Initiative, objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, 

1 / 5

Q.1.With reference to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. GANHRI’s supreme deliberative body is the General Assembly.
2. The Bureau, the GANHRI executive committee, is comprised of 16 members, with 4 from each of GANHRI’s regional networks of Africa, Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Regarding the accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. NHRC’s lack of diversity was addressed through an amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act in 2019.
2. GANHRI is responsible for reviewing and accrediting National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) in compliance with the Paris Principles every three years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The Chip 4 Initiative aims to increase chip exports to China.
2. It is also known as the “Fab 4” initiative and includes the U.S., Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:

1.One of the objectives is to support industry efforts to concentrate their manufacturing base in China.
2.The initiative aims to develop policies related to the export of the most advanced semiconductors and equipment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The initiative includes the world’s top semiconductor-producing countries.
2. “Fab” in the “Fab 4” initiative refers to the fabrication plants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 60%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 27 MARCH 2024

VRRR auctions, Reverse Repo, Repo Rate, N. rustica, N. tabacum, Tobacco cultivation in India, Tobacco Board

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements:
1. The VRRR auction is a monetary policy tool aimed at injecting liquidity into the banking system.
2. Reverse Repo refers to the rate at which the RBI borrows money from commercial banks.
3. Repo Rate is utilized by monetary authorities to regulate inflation by controlling the money supply.

Which of the statements given above are incorrect?

2 / 5

Q.2. Considering Reverse Repo and its functions, evaluate the following statements:
1. Reverse Repo is a tool to control the money supply within the country.
2. It involves the RBI paying interest to commercial banks for excess cash reserves held with the central bank.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to Tobacco Cultivation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. N. rustica is extensively cultivated in various countries across the globe for commercial tobacco production.
2. The highest production and productivity of N. tabacum in India occur in the state of Gujarat.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements

  1.  Tobacco cultivation in India was initiated by British colonialists in the 18th century.
  2.  Tobacco cultivation requires a high amount of rainfall, preferably exceeding 1500 mm during the season.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Tobacco Board, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The Tobacco Board operates under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
2. Its headquarters are situated in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Your score is

The average score is 20%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 26 MARCH 2024

English success over French, Ramakrishna Parmahamsa, Ramabai Ranade, Financing Agrochemical Reduction and Management Programme (FARM), Vitamin D

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements with respect to Vitamin D:
1. Vitamin D is a type of vitamin that dissolves in fat.
2. Consuming too much Vitamin D can result in the condition known as Hypercalcemia.
3. The recommended daily intake of vitamin D for humans is 10 micrograms.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Financing Agrochemical Reduction and Management Programme (FARM)
1. The objective is to prevent the release of harmful persistent organic pollutants into the environment resulting from the utilization of detrimental chemicals in agriculture.
2. The initiative is overseen by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) with backing from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
3. India abstains from participation in this program due to its prohibition on the use of chemical fertilizers.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following are the causes for the English success over French?
1. The English company operated as a privately owned enterprise, while the French company was under the control and regulation of the French government.
2. The superiority of the English navy over its French counterpart was evident.
3. The English controlled three significant locations—Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras—while the French held only Pondicherry.
4. The French prioritized territorial ambitions over commercial interests, leading to a shortage of funds for the French company.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements:

1.Ramakrishna Paramahansa emphasised that the service of man was the service of God.
2.Swami Vivekananda was the disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahansa.
3.The Ramakrishna Mission laid emphasis on personal salvation.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements regarding Ramabai Ranade:
1.In Bombay, she initiated the establishment of the ‘Hindu Ladies Social and Literary Club.’
2.She played a foundational role as one of the creators of Seva Sadan.
3.The authorship of ‘Stree Purush Tulana’ (or ‘Comparison of Men and Women’) is attributed to her.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 33%

0%

Daily Current Affairs Quiz – 23 March 2024

Ebola, UN Security Council, Anchor banks, Nomination Procedure in Lok Sabha, Kashmir Hangul

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements about Kashmir Hangul
1. Exclusive to the Kashmir hills, this species is confined to the boundaries of Dachigam National Park.
2. Identified as critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List.
3. Designated as the official State animal of Jammu and Kashmir.
Which of the above statements are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Nomination Procedure in Lok Sabha
1. Any Indian citizen listed as a voter is eligible to nominate themselves for a Lok Sabha seat.
2. The nomination form, accompanied by the specified security deposit, can be submitted to the District Election Officer.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following correctly describes the concept of ‘Anchor banks’?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements with respect to the ‘UN Security Council’:
1. Comprising 5 member states with permanent status and 10 member states with non-permanent status serving terms of 2 years each.
2. The principle of “veto power” within the UN Security Council grants exclusive authority to the Secretary-General to veto resolutions.
3. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) does not hold the authority to approve the admission of new member states to the United Nations.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements with reference to Ebola:
1. The disease is attributed to viruses primarily located in sub-Saharan Africa.
2. At present, there exists no recognized treatment for this ailment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 65%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ: 22 March 2024

No religion, No caste, and No God for mankind, Sahadran Ayyappan, Islamic Reform Movements, Majeed Brigade, Battle of Okinawa, Great Indian Bustard (GIB)

1 / 5

Q.1.Consider the following statements with respect to the Great Indian Bustard (GIB):
1. It holds the distinction of being the State Bird of Rajasthan.
2. It is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.
Choose the correct statement:

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Battle of Okinawa
1. The conflict occurred between American and Japanese troops and is considered the final significant engagement of World War II.
2. The defeat in this battle by Japanese forces played a direct role in shaping the American choice to deploy atomic bombs against Japan.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Recently, the ‘Majeed Brigade’ was in the news. Which one of the following best describes it?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements regarding the Islamic Reform Movements during 19th century in British India:
1.The Ahmadiya movement embraced a progressive perspective, advocating against practices such as polygamy, the veiling of women, and traditional divorce rules.
2.The Deoband Movement sought to disseminate the unadulterated teachings of the Quran and Hadith among Muslims.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. The attribution of the statement “No religion, No caste, and No God for mankind” is associated with:

Your score is

The average score is 70%

0%

STATIC QUIZ – 21 March 2024

Non-Cooperation Movement, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, second world war, Jawahar Lal Nehru

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to the Non-Cooperation Movement, consider the following statements:
1. Indian industrialists were staunchly against the programme of economic boycott.
2. Most of the upper and middle-class Muslims stayed away from the movement.
3. The middle class responded weakly to the call for resignation from the government service.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Which among the following prevented Gandhi against launching immediate mass struggle during the second world war?
1. He believed that the cause of the British was just against the Nazi forces.
2. Any mass movement could easily transform into communal rioting due to lack of HinduMuslim unity.
3. The congress was not sufficiently organized to lead the masses in a nation-wide struggle against Britishers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements regarding role of Subash Chandra Bose & Jawahar Lal Nehru during Indian national movement:
1. Both Bose and Nehru expressed disappointment over the sudden withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement.
2. Nehru opposed Bose for forming a coalition government in Bengal along with the Krishak Praja Party.
3. Bose and Nehru together organized an AllIndia Anti Compromise Conference against the report of Hunter Commission.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. With reference to the views of Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose, consider the following statements:
1. Gandhi and Bose both endorsed the varna system and caste structure.
2. Bose, in contrast to Gandhi, advocated for extensive industrial development.
3. Gandhi stressed the importance of vocational training, while Bose emphasized technical and scientific education.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Non-Cooperation Movement, consider the following statements:

Assertion: The withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation Movement was declared in the Ahmedabad resolution by the Congress Working Committee.

Reason: Mahatma Gandhi believed that people had not acquired a complete understanding of the principles of non-violence.

Which of the following statements is correct based upon the options given below?

Your score is

The average score is 33%

0%

Daily Quiz – 20 MAR 2024

Hunter Education Commission, Swarajists, Belgaum Congress Session, untouchability, early revolutionaries of 1900s and revolutionaries of 1920s

1 / 4

Q.1. Consider the following statements with reference to recommendations of Hunter Education Commission formed during British rule in India:
1. Provincial governments to take steps to provide free elementary education to the poor.
2. Secondary education should have two divisions like literary and vocational.
3. A university need to be established in each province of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 4

Q.2. Which of the following is/are the reasons behind Gandhi’s reconciliation with the Swarajists?
1. Gandhi was angered by government repression on the Swarajists.
2. Gandhi was convinced by the courageous and uncompromising way of functioning of
Swarajists.
3. Gandhi felt that public opposition of the proposal of council entry by Swarajists would be counter-productive.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

3 / 4

Q.3. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Babasaheb Ambedkar’s struggle against untouchability?
1. He organised Mahad March for the right to draw water from public tanks.
2. He launched a temple entry movement in Nashik.
3. He set up the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha to spread education among the downtrodden.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 4

Q.4. With reference to the difference between the early revolutionaries of 1900s and revolutionaries of 1920s, consider the following statements:
1. The emergence of early revolutionaries was the result of fallout of the Swadeshi Movement.
2. The emergence of revolutionaries of 1920s was the result of fallout of the NonCooperation movement.
3. The early revolutionaries adopted the path of armed mass struggle whereas the
revolutionaries of 1920s mainly adopted path of individual heroic action against colonial rule.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 25%

0%