Live/Online Class Prelims 2024- Answer Key with Solutions

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS: 22 June 2024

Air Pollution Linked to 2,000 Children’s Deaths Daily

Subject: GS III: Environment and Ecology

Air pollution: Toxic air kills 464 children daily in India, 2,000 worldwide  | Health News - Business Standard

Context: The fifth edition of the State of Global Air (SoGA) report provides an extensive analysis of air quality and its health impacts across the globe for the year 2021.

 

State of Global Air Initiative:

  • Collaboration: A joint effort between the Health Effects Institute and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation’s Global Burden of Disease project, in partnership with UNICEF.
  • Data Source: Derived from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD 2021) by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.
  • Research Collaboration: Involves over 10,000 researchers worldwide, providing globally comparable estimates on the impact of 88 environmental, behavioral, and dietary risk factors on health across 204 countries and territories.

 

Key Findings:

  • Global Deaths: In 2021, air pollution was responsible for 8.1 million deaths globally, including 2.1 million in India, making it the second leading risk factor for death, especially among children under five.
  • Noncommunicable Diseases: Nearly 90% of the disease burden from air pollution is due to noncommunicable diseases such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
  • Chronic Diseases: Beyond fatalities, millions live with chronic diseases caused by air pollution, straining healthcare systems, economies, and societies.

 

Impact on Children Under Five:

  • Child Mortality: Over 700,000 deaths in children under five were linked to air pollution in 2021, accounting for 15% of global deaths in this age group.
  • Health Issues: Exposure to air pollution is linked to pneumonia, responsible for 1 in 5 child deaths globally, and asthma, the most common chronic respiratory disease in older children.

 

Air Pollution and Climate Change:

  • PM 2.5: More than 90% of global air pollution deaths, approximately 7.8 million, are attributed to PM2.5 pollution from both ambient and household sources. These fine particles can enter the lungs and bloodstream, affecting various organ systems and increasing the risk of noncommunicable diseases in adults.
  • NO2: For the first time, the report includes data on nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and its health impacts, including the development of childhood asthma. NO2, primarily from traffic exhaust, is prevalent in densely populated urban areas.
  • Ozone: In 2021, long-term ozone exposure contributed to an estimated 500,000 deaths globally, with approximately 14,000 ozone-related COPD deaths in the United States, higher than in other high-income countries.

 

Progress and Positive Developments:

  • Reduced Child Mortality: Death rates in children under five have dropped by 53%, largely due to increased access to clean cooking energy, better healthcare, improved nutrition, and greater awareness of household air pollution’s harms.
  • Air Quality Initiatives: Regions such as Africa, Latin America, and Asia are seeing measurable improvements in air quality and public health through initiatives like air pollution monitoring, stricter air quality policies, and the adoption of hybrid or electric vehicles.

 

Iberian Lynx’s Status Update

Subject: GSII: Environment

Iberian lynx rebounding thanks to conservation action-IUCN Red List

Context: The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) recently upgraded the status of the Iberian lynx from ‘endangered’ to ‘vulnerable’ due to significant conservation successes.

 

Recent Developments:

  • 2001 Status: In 2001, the Iberian lynx population was critically low, with only 62 mature individuals.
  • Population Growth: By 2022, the population of mature lynxes had risen to 648.
  • Current Population: Including young lynxes, the total population now exceeds 2,000.

 

About the Iberian Lynx

  • Scientific Name: Lynx pardinus
  • Description: The Iberian lynx is a cat species with males being larger and heavier than females. It is recognized for its long legs, pointy ears, and leopard-like spotted fur.
  • Distribution: This species is primarily found in Spain and Portugal.

 

Key Conservation Strategies

  • Enhancing Prey Population: Efforts to increase the population of its primary prey, the endangered European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus).
  • Habitat Protection and Restoration: Protecting and restoring Mediterranean scrub and forest habitats.
  • Habitat Expansion: The lynx’s habitat has expanded from 449 km² in 2005 to at least 3,320 km².
  • Reintroduction Programs: Over 400 Iberian lynxes have been reintroduced into various regions of Portugal and Spain since 2010.
  • Minimizing Human-Caused Fatalities: Efforts to reduce deaths caused by poaching, road accidents, and other human activities.
  • Genetic Diversity and Breeding Programs: Improved genetic diversity through translocations and ex-situ breeding programs.

 

Ex-Situ Breeding Programs

  • Purpose: Protect endangered species outside their natural habitat by relocating part of the population to controlled environments such as zoos or wildlife sanctuaries.
  • Significance: These programs help increase genetic diversity by selecting mating pairs from different regions, playing a crucial role in boosting the Iberian lynx population.

Remaining Threats

  • Virus Outbreaks: The European rabbit population, essential for the lynx’s diet, is susceptible to virus outbreaks.
  • Diseases: Lynxes are at risk of diseases from domestic cats and face new health challenges due to climate change.
  • Other Risks: Poaching, illegal hunting, and road accidents continue to pose significant threats to the species’ survival.

 

Conservation Success in India

  • Eurasian Lynx in India: Found in the frozen cold desert of Ladakh, demonstrating successful conservation strategies can be adapted and applied to other lynx species globally.

 

The concerted efforts in conservation strategies, habitat restoration, and population management have led to the successful recovery of the Iberian lynx, marking a significant milestone in wildlife conservation. However, ongoing vigilance and adaptive management are essential to ensure the species’ continued survival and stability.

 

Methanol Poisoning

Subject: GS III: Science and Technology

Proper use of alcohol-based disinfectant products to avoid potential methanol  poisoning | Médecins Sans Frontières

Context: In Kallakurichi district, Tamil Nadu, the consumption of spurious liquor laced with methanol resulted in 34 deaths and severe injuries to numerous individuals.

 

Background Information

Tamil Nadu Regulations:

  • Liquor sales are state-controlled through approximately 5,000 outlets.
  • Manufacturing, trading, storing, and selling methanol require licenses under the 1959 Rules.

About Liquor:

  • Production: All alcoholic beverages are created by fermenting sugary brews into ethanol and CO2.
  • Distillation: This process increases alcohol concentration by separating alcohol from the fermented mixture through evaporation and condensation, resulting in high alcohol content over 38% ABV.
  • Examples: Rum, vodka, brandy, tequila, whisky, and gin are liquors, unlike beer (5% alcohol) and wine (12%).

 

Previous Incidents:

  • In Chengalpattu and Villupuram districts, 20 people died from consuming spurious liquor.
  • Police investigations revealed that arrack sellers had purchased industrial-grade methanol and sold it to victims.

 

Spurious Liquor or Hooch:

  • Definition: Poor quality alcohol, often homemade, mixed with methanol to enhance intoxicating effects or increase volume.
  • Production: Crude distillation methods are used, employing basic setups like vats and pipes to produce potent alcohol.

 

Methanol Overview

  • Chemical Formula: CH3OH
  • Production: Combining carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of copper and zinc oxides as catalysts at 50-100 atm pressure and 250°C.
  • Applications: Used industrially as a precursor to acetic acid, formaldehyde, aromatic hydrocarbons, solvent, and antifreeze.

 

Regulations:

  • Food Safety and Standards (Alcoholic Beverages) Regulations 2018: Specifies the maximum permissible methanol quantity in various liquors.
  • Hazardous Chemical Rules 1989: Lists methanol in Schedule I.
  • Quality Standard: Indian Standard IS 517.
  • Packaging Rules: Tamil Nadu Denatured Spirit, Methyl Alcohol, and Varnish Rules 1959.

 

Methanol Poisoning Details

  • Concentration: Methanol can remain in the body for about 48 hours with 33% still present.
  • Metabolism: ADH enzymes metabolize methanol in the liver, producing formaldehyde and then formic acid, leading to metabolic acidosis.
  • Acidification: Metabolic acidosis causes the blood’s pH to drop below the normal 7.35, leading to acidaemia.

 

Health Risks:

  • Optic Neuropathy: Methanol consumption can damage the optic nerve, leading to vision impairment or blindness.
  • Cerebral Edema and Hemorrhage: Severe methanol poisoning can result in brain swelling, bleeding, and death.

 

Alcohol Prohibition in India

  • Article 47: The state aims to prohibit intoxicating drinks and drugs.
  • 7th Schedule: Alcohol regulation is a state subject.
  • Current Status: Liquor bans exist in Bihar, Gujarat, Mizoram, and Nagaland, with partial bans in Lakshadweep and Manipur.

 

Treatment of Methanol Poisoning

  • Competition: Ethanol competes with methanol for ADH enzymes, preventing methanol from metabolizing into formaldehyde.
  • Antidote: Fomepizole slows ADH enzyme activity, aiding in methanol excretion.
  • WHO Essential Medicines: Both fomepizole and folinic acid are essential medicines.
  • Folinic Acid: Promotes the breakdown of formic acid into carbon dioxide and water.
  • Dialysis: Removes methanol and formic acid from the blood, protecting the kidneys and retina.

 

Ethanol Overview

  • Chemical Formula: CH3CH2OH or C2H5OH
  • Characteristics: A volatile, flammable, colorless liquid with a wine-like odor.
  • Psychoactive Drug: Ethanol is a depressant that reduces neurotransmission, causing intoxicating effects.
  • Production: Naturally produced by fermentation of sugars by yeasts or via petrochemical processes like ethylene hydration.
  • Metabolism: Metabolized in the liver and stomach to acetaldehyde and then to acetate by ADH and ALDH enzymes, respectively.
  • Applications: Used as a general anesthetic, antiseptic, disinfectant, solvent, and antidote for methanol and ethylene glycol poisoning.

Genomes Reveal Legacies of Human Sacrifice

Subject: GS III: Science and Technology

Ancient Maya genomes reveal ritual sacrifice at Chichén Itzá |  Max-Planck-Gesellschaft

Context: Recent studies using archaeogenetics and evolutionary medicine have uncovered aspects of the inner lives and beliefs of the Mayan people.

 

Genomes Overview

  • Definition: A genome includes all the chromosomes of an organism, containing DNA and genes that make up the complete set of genetic information. A gene is a sequence of nucleotides within DNA or RNA and is the fundamental unit of heredity.

Key Findings of the Study

  • Genetic Analysis: All juvenile individuals found in the cenote were genetically male and closely related through familial ties.
  • Revisiting Colonial Narratives: Contrary to previous beliefs of young female sacrifices, the study identified two sets of identical twins among the remains.
  • Symbolism and Diets: Twins were revered in Mayan culture, associated with the underworld. Isotopic analysis revealed that individuals related by genetics shared similar diets, suggesting they were from the same household.
  • Ritual Sacrifices and Agricultural Rituals: The genetic and isotopic resemblances indicated these individuals were chosen for specific roles, likely related to ensuring abundant maize growth and appeasing rain deities.

 

Benefits of the Study

  • Genetic Immunity Selection: Comparison of ancient and modern genomes from Mexico revealed signs of natural selection in genes linked to immunity, particularly resistance to enteric fever caused by Salmonella enterica Paratyphi C, associated with the 16th-century cocoliztli epidemic.
  • Genomic Insights: Studying ancient genomes alongside modern counterparts helps debunk old hypotheses, unravel longstanding mysteries, and guide future discoveries.

 

Practice of Burying

  • Ancient Burial Practices: Deliberate burial of modern humans dates back over 100,000 years, with evidence found in a cave in Israel.
  • Evolution of Burial Practices: Burial practices have evolved, with elaborate mausoleums like the pyramids of Egypt and the Taj Mahal in Agra symbolizing the human inclination to honor the deceased.

 

Ancient Mayan Genomes

  • Chichén Itzá: An ancient Mayan city in present-day Mexico known for its impressive architecture and ceremonial temples, constructed between 800 and 1000 AD.
  • Rituals and Sacrifices: Human sacrifices were offered at these temples, with remains found in the ‘Sacred Cenote’ indicating ritual significance related to water and rainfall.

 

Genome Sequencing

  • Definition: Involves identifying the precise sequence of base pairs in an individual’s DNA strand.
  • Composition: DNA consists of long chains of nucleotides, each comprising a sugar molecule, a phosphate group, and a nitrogen-containing base (Adenine (A), Cytosine (C), Guanine (G), Thymine (T)).
  • Human Genome: Contains about 3.2 billion nucleotides and approximately 23,500 genes.

 

Significance of Genome Sequencing

  • Prenatal Screening: Detects genetic disorders in fetuses.
  • Cancer Diagnosis: Early detection through liquid biopsies.
  • Pharmacogenetics: Studies gene influence on drug responses to prevent adverse reactions.
  • Advancement in Predictive Diagnostics: Facilitates the development of customized drugs and gene therapies tailored to individual genetic profiles.
  • Enhancing Advanced Analytics: Integrates advanced analytics and AI to understand genetic disease factors and develop treatments.
  • Understanding Viral Mutations: Aims to comprehend how specific mutations enhance virus infectivity and impact vaccine effectiveness.
  • Agriculture: Enables breeding of crops and livestock with desirable traits, such as higher yield and disease resistance.
  • Forensics: Used in forensic analysis for identifying victims and comparing DNA from crime scenes with suspects.
  • Bioengineering: Supports the design and development of synthetic biological systems and biomolecules for diverse applications.
  • Insight into Evolution: Reveals interbreeding between early humans and other hominins like Neanderthals and Denisovans.

By uncovering the genetic legacies of the Mayan people, these studies shed light on ancient practices and beliefs, enhancing our understanding of human history and genetic evolution.

 

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 4 April 2024

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), Chip 4 Initiative, objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. GANHRI’s supreme deliberative body is the General Assembly.
2. The Bureau, the GANHRI executive committee, is comprised of 16 members, with 4 from each of GANHRI’s regional networks of Africa, Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Regarding the accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1.  NHRC’s lack of diversity was addressed through an amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act in 2019.
2. ANHRI is responsible for reviewing and accrediting National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) in compliance with the Paris Principles every three years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The Chip 4 Initiative aims to increase chip exports to China.
2. It is also known as the “Fab 4” initiative and includes the U.S., Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:

  1. One of the objectives is to support industry efforts to concentrate their manufacturing base in China.
  2. The initiative aims to develop policies related to the export of the most advanced semiconductors and equipment.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1.The initiative includes the world’s top semiconductor-producing countries.
2.”Fab” in the “Fab 4” initiative refers to the fabrication plants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 0%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 3 APRIL 2024

Factor cost of a good, MedTech Mitra portal, tigers in India, Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary, Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS)

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements:
1. In renewable energy storage installations, India ranks as the fifth-largest country globally.
2. Battery Energy Storage Systems (BESS) operate on the principle of transmitting electricity directly across extended distances.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2.Pong Dam Wildlife Sanctuary is located at

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements about tigers in India:
1.With a minimum count of 3,167 tigers, India hosts over 70% of the worldwide wild tiger population.
2.In the present year, nine tiger reserves obtained CA|TS accreditation.
3.India’s wild tiger population is experiencing a strong annual growth rate of 16%.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements about MedTech Mitra portal
1.The online portal is designed to support medtech innovators by providing assistance in clinical evaluation, regulatory facilitation, and the adoption of new products.
2.A collaborative effort between the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and the Ministry of Ayush, the portal operates under the guidance of NITI Aayog’s Atal Innovation Mission.

Choose the correct statements:

5 / 5

Q.5. The Factor cost of a good include(s) which of the following?
1. Payments for raw materials.
2. Wages to labour for production.
3. Taxes.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Your score is

The average score is 33%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 2 APRIL 2024

Human Poverty Index, Migrants, Human Development Report (HDR), population growth in India, factors influence the location of Urban Settlements

1 / 5

Q. 1. While calculating the Human Poverty Index, Which of the following parameters is/are taken into account?
1. The probability of not surviving till the age of 40
2. Adult literacy rate
3. Number of small children who are underweight

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements:
1. A migrant is both an immigrant and an emigrant at the same time.
2. Migrants who move into a new place are called emigrants while migrants who move out of a place are called immigrants.

Which of the statements given above is/are incorrect?

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements:
1. Human Development Report (HDR) is an annual report published by the Human Development Report Office of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
2. Human Development Report Office releases the Gender Inequality Index.
3. The first HDR was launched in 1990 by the Pakistani economist Mahbub ul Haq and Indian Nobel laureate Amartya Sen.

How many of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. With respect to population growth in India , consider the following statements:
1. Phase 1 (1901-1920) is characterized as a stagnant or stationary phase
2. In the period of steady population growth, the crude birth rate remained high.
3. Increased international migration, involving Tibetans, Bangladeshis, Nepalese, and individuals from Pakistan, played a role in the elevated growth rate in phase 3 of population growth.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

5 / 5

Q.5. Which of the following factors influence the location of Urban Settlements?
1. Proximity to trade routes
2. Natural Defence
3. Raw material and local energy supplies
4. Valuable minerals

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Your score is

The average score is 30%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 1 April 2024

1 / 5

Q.1. What is the significance behind commemorating March 14 as the International Day of Mathematics?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements
1. Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) function as substances that contribute to ozone depletion (ODS) and act as potent greenhouse gases simultaneously.
2. The Kigali Amendment, an extension of the Montreal Protocol, targets an 80% reduction in the consumption of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs) by the year 2047.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following best describes a ballistic missile?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements regarding the Islamic Reform Movements during 19th century in British India:
1.The Ahmadiya movement embraced a progressive perspective, advocating against practices such as polygamy, the veiling of women, and traditional divorce rules.
2.The Deoband Movement sought to disseminate the unadulterated teachings of the Quran and Hadith among Muslims.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements with reference to Ebola:
1. The disease is attributed to viruses primarily located in sub-Saharan Africa.
2. At present, there exists no recognized treatment for this ailment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 60%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 30 MARCH 2024

Ninth Schedule, Coalition Governments, lawsuits by or against the government, responsibilities and obligations of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) in India, International Customary Law

1 / 5

Q.1. The Ninth Schedule was incorporated into the Indian Constitution while the Prime Minister in office was.

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements with reference to the Coalition Governments:
1. The Janta Party established the inaugural coalition government at the national level in India in 1977.
2. For a group to be designated as a coalition, it necessitates the participation of a minimum of three political parties.
3. A coalition government consistently operates in accordance with a shared minimal agenda or program.
Which of the above-given statements is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the lawsuits by or against the government, consider the following statements:
1. When initiating legal proceedings against the central government, it is appropriate to use the term ‘Government of India’ as the reference.
2. An entity has the option to institute a legal action against the government for violating contractual obligations.
3. In India, the government can face legal action for civil misconduct committed by its officials in the course of carrying out non-sovereign duties.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. What are the responsibilities and obligations of the Chief Electoral Officer (CEO) in India?
1. He guarantees the setup of election facilities and conducts demonstrations of Electronic Voting Machines (EVMs) in each district.
2. He assesses the state’s law and order conditions during the electoral process.
3. He assigns symbols to candidates participating in the elections.
4. He examines the nomination forms submitted by candidates running for office.
Select the correct answer using the code given below.

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to ‘International Customary Law’, consider the following statements:
1.International Customary Law is established based on widely accepted practices that function as legal norms in different nations.
2.These regulations lack the force of binding legal rules since they are not underpinned by international agreements or treaties.
3.The Indian judicial and legal system does not acknowledge the legitimacy of this legal framework.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 13%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 29 MARCH 2024

Cholederm, aspartame, tobacco cultivation

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to tobacco cultivation, consider the following statements:

1.Nicotiana tabacum and N. rustica are the two varieties commonly cultivated for producing commercial tobacco.
2. N. rustica is widely cultivated in most countries of the world, while N. tabacum is restricted to India, Russia, and a few other Asiatic countries.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Concerning the top producers of tobacco in India, consider the following statements:
1.Gujarat has the highest production and productivity of tobacco in India.
2.Andhra Pradesh follows Gujarat in tobacco production in India.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to aspartame, consider the following statements:

1.The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) categorizes aspartame as “possibly carcinogenic” to humans.
2.Aspartame is about 200 times sweeter than table sugar.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the chemical composition of aspartame, consider the following statements:
1.Aspartame consists of three amino acids – L-aspartic acid, L-phenylalanine, and L-methionine.
2.Aspartic acid is produced naturally by your body, and phenylalanine is an essential
amino acid that is intaken from food.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. What is Cholederm?

Your score is

The average score is 40%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 28 MARCH 2024

Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), Chip 4 Initiative, objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, 

1 / 5

Q.1.With reference to the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. GANHRI’s supreme deliberative body is the General Assembly.
2. The Bureau, the GANHRI executive committee, is comprised of 16 members, with 4 from each of GANHRI’s regional networks of Africa, Americas, Asia-Pacific, and Europe.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Regarding the accreditation of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) and the Global Alliance for National Human Rights Institutions (GANHRI), consider the following statements:
1. NHRC’s lack of diversity was addressed through an amendment to the Protection of Human Rights Act in 2019.
2. GANHRI is responsible for reviewing and accrediting National Human Rights Institutions (NHRI) in compliance with the Paris Principles every three years.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The Chip 4 Initiative aims to increase chip exports to China.
2. It is also known as the “Fab 4” initiative and includes the U.S., Japan, Taiwan, and South Korea.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. Regarding the objectives of the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:

1.One of the objectives is to support industry efforts to concentrate their manufacturing base in China.
2.The initiative aims to develop policies related to the export of the most advanced semiconductors and equipment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Chip 4 Initiative, consider the following statements:
1. The initiative includes the world’s top semiconductor-producing countries.
2. “Fab” in the “Fab 4” initiative refers to the fabrication plants.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 60%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 27 MARCH 2024

VRRR auctions, Reverse Repo, Repo Rate, N. rustica, N. tabacum, Tobacco cultivation in India, Tobacco Board

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements:
1. The VRRR auction is a monetary policy tool aimed at injecting liquidity into the banking system.
2. Reverse Repo refers to the rate at which the RBI borrows money from commercial banks.
3. Repo Rate is utilized by monetary authorities to regulate inflation by controlling the money supply.

Which of the statements given above are incorrect?

2 / 5

Q.2. Considering Reverse Repo and its functions, evaluate the following statements:
1. Reverse Repo is a tool to control the money supply within the country.
2. It involves the RBI paying interest to commercial banks for excess cash reserves held with the central bank.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

3 / 5

Q.3. With reference to Tobacco Cultivation, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. N. rustica is extensively cultivated in various countries across the globe for commercial tobacco production.
2. The highest production and productivity of N. tabacum in India occur in the state of Gujarat.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements

  1.  Tobacco cultivation in India was initiated by British colonialists in the 18th century.
  2.  Tobacco cultivation requires a high amount of rainfall, preferably exceeding 1500 mm during the season.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Tobacco Board, which of the following statements is/are correct?
1. The Tobacco Board operates under the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare.
2. Its headquarters are situated in Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:

Your score is

The average score is 20%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ – 26 MARCH 2024

English success over French, Ramakrishna Parmahamsa, Ramabai Ranade, Financing Agrochemical Reduction and Management Programme (FARM), Vitamin D

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements with respect to Vitamin D:
1. Vitamin D is a type of vitamin that dissolves in fat.
2. Consuming too much Vitamin D can result in the condition known as Hypercalcemia.
3. The recommended daily intake of vitamin D for humans is 10 micrograms.
How many of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Financing Agrochemical Reduction and Management Programme (FARM)
1. The objective is to prevent the release of harmful persistent organic pollutants into the environment resulting from the utilization of detrimental chemicals in agriculture.
2. The initiative is overseen by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) with backing from the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
3. India abstains from participation in this program due to its prohibition on the use of chemical fertilizers.
How many of the statements given above are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following are the causes for the English success over French?
1. The English company operated as a privately owned enterprise, while the French company was under the control and regulation of the French government.
2. The superiority of the English navy over its French counterpart was evident.
3. The English controlled three significant locations—Calcutta, Bombay, and Madras—while the French held only Pondicherry.
4. The French prioritized territorial ambitions over commercial interests, leading to a shortage of funds for the French company.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements:

1.Ramakrishna Paramahansa emphasised that the service of man was the service of God.
2.Swami Vivekananda was the disciple of Ramakrishna Paramahansa.
3.The Ramakrishna Mission laid emphasis on personal salvation.

How many of the above statements is/are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements regarding Ramabai Ranade:
1.In Bombay, she initiated the establishment of the ‘Hindu Ladies Social and Literary Club.’
2.She played a foundational role as one of the creators of Seva Sadan.
3.The authorship of ‘Stree Purush Tulana’ (or ‘Comparison of Men and Women’) is attributed to her.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 33%

0%

Daily Current Affairs Quiz – 23 March 2024

Ebola, UN Security Council, Anchor banks, Nomination Procedure in Lok Sabha, Kashmir Hangul

1 / 5

Q.1. Consider the following statements about Kashmir Hangul
1. Exclusive to the Kashmir hills, this species is confined to the boundaries of Dachigam National Park.
2. Identified as critically endangered according to the IUCN Red List.
3. Designated as the official State animal of Jammu and Kashmir.
Which of the above statements are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Nomination Procedure in Lok Sabha
1. Any Indian citizen listed as a voter is eligible to nominate themselves for a Lok Sabha seat.
2. The nomination form, accompanied by the specified security deposit, can be submitted to the District Election Officer.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Which of the following correctly describes the concept of ‘Anchor banks’?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements with respect to the ‘UN Security Council’:
1. Comprising 5 member states with permanent status and 10 member states with non-permanent status serving terms of 2 years each.
2. The principle of “veto power” within the UN Security Council grants exclusive authority to the Secretary-General to veto resolutions.
3. The United Nations Security Council (UNSC) does not hold the authority to approve the admission of new member states to the United Nations.
Which of the statements given above are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. Consider the following statements with reference to Ebola:
1. The disease is attributed to viruses primarily located in sub-Saharan Africa.
2. At present, there exists no recognized treatment for this ailment.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 65%

0%

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS QUIZ: 22 March 2024

No religion, No caste, and No God for mankind, Sahadran Ayyappan, Islamic Reform Movements, Majeed Brigade, Battle of Okinawa, Great Indian Bustard (GIB)

1 / 5

Q.1.Consider the following statements with respect to the Great Indian Bustard (GIB):
1. It holds the distinction of being the State Bird of Rajasthan.
2. It is classified as Critically Endangered by the IUCN.
Choose the correct statement:

2 / 5

Q.2. Consider the following statements about Battle of Okinawa
1. The conflict occurred between American and Japanese troops and is considered the final significant engagement of World War II.
2. The defeat in this battle by Japanese forces played a direct role in shaping the American choice to deploy atomic bombs against Japan.
Choose the incorrect statement:

3 / 5

Q.3. Recently, the ‘Majeed Brigade’ was in the news. Which one of the following best describes it?

4 / 5

Q.4. Consider the following statements regarding the Islamic Reform Movements during 19th century in British India:
1.The Ahmadiya movement embraced a progressive perspective, advocating against practices such as polygamy, the veiling of women, and traditional divorce rules.
2.The Deoband Movement sought to disseminate the unadulterated teachings of the Quran and Hadith among Muslims.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. The attribution of the statement “No religion, No caste, and No God for mankind” is associated with:

Your score is

The average score is 70%

0%

STATIC QUIZ – 21 March 2024

Non-Cooperation Movement, Mahatma Gandhi, Subhash Chandra Bose, second world war, Jawahar Lal Nehru

1 / 5

Q.1. With reference to the Non-Cooperation Movement, consider the following statements:
1. Indian industrialists were staunchly against the programme of economic boycott.
2. Most of the upper and middle-class Muslims stayed away from the movement.
3. The middle class responded weakly to the call for resignation from the government service.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 5

Q.2. Which among the following prevented Gandhi against launching immediate mass struggle during the second world war?
1. He believed that the cause of the British was just against the Nazi forces.
2. Any mass movement could easily transform into communal rioting due to lack of HinduMuslim unity.
3. The congress was not sufficiently organized to lead the masses in a nation-wide struggle against Britishers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

3 / 5

Q.3. Consider the following statements regarding role of Subash Chandra Bose & Jawahar Lal Nehru during Indian national movement:
1. Both Bose and Nehru expressed disappointment over the sudden withdrawal of the non-cooperation movement.
2. Nehru opposed Bose for forming a coalition government in Bengal along with the Krishak Praja Party.
3. Bose and Nehru together organized an AllIndia Anti Compromise Conference against the report of Hunter Commission.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

4 / 5

Q.4. With reference to the views of Mahatma Gandhi and Subhash Chandra Bose, consider the following statements:
1. Gandhi and Bose both endorsed the varna system and caste structure.
2. Bose, in contrast to Gandhi, advocated for extensive industrial development.
3. Gandhi stressed the importance of vocational training, while Bose emphasized technical and scientific education.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

5 / 5

Q.5. With reference to the Non-Cooperation Movement, consider the following statements:

Assertion: The withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation Movement was declared in the Ahmedabad resolution by the Congress Working Committee.

Reason: Mahatma Gandhi believed that people had not acquired a complete understanding of the principles of non-violence.

Which of the following statements is correct based upon the options given below?

Your score is

The average score is 33%

0%

Daily Quiz – 20 MAR 2024

Hunter Education Commission, Swarajists, Belgaum Congress Session, untouchability, early revolutionaries of 1900s and revolutionaries of 1920s

1 / 4

Q.1. Consider the following statements with reference to recommendations of Hunter Education Commission formed during British rule in India:
1. Provincial governments to take steps to provide free elementary education to the poor.
2. Secondary education should have two divisions like literary and vocational.
3. A university need to be established in each province of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

2 / 4

Q.2. Which of the following is/are the reasons behind Gandhi’s reconciliation with the Swarajists?
1. Gandhi was angered by government repression on the Swarajists.
2. Gandhi was convinced by the courageous and uncompromising way of functioning of
Swarajists.
3. Gandhi felt that public opposition of the proposal of council entry by Swarajists would be counter-productive.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

3 / 4

Q.3. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding Babasaheb Ambedkar’s struggle against untouchability?
1. He organised Mahad March for the right to draw water from public tanks.
2. He launched a temple entry movement in Nashik.
3. He set up the Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha to spread education among the downtrodden.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

4 / 4

Q.4. With reference to the difference between the early revolutionaries of 1900s and revolutionaries of 1920s, consider the following statements:
1. The emergence of early revolutionaries was the result of fallout of the Swadeshi Movement.
2. The emergence of revolutionaries of 1920s was the result of fallout of the NonCooperation movement.
3. The early revolutionaries adopted the path of armed mass struggle whereas the
revolutionaries of 1920s mainly adopted path of individual heroic action against colonial rule.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Your score is

The average score is 25%

0%